Rules for Florentine Solitaire

Family Four Seasons
Categories Simple, Small, Pretty, Easy to Win
Variants Four Seasons, Kings in the Corner, Simplicity
Also known as

Florentine Solitaire is a simple game to learn and doesn’t need much table room. You may expect to win at least half of your games; with good play you should be able to win most games. (For a greater challenge, try its variant Four Seasons.)


Place five cards face up in a cross formation; these are the tableaus. The foundations are in the four corners; place one card face up in the upper-left foundation as a starter. Keep the rest of the deck in your hand, ready for dealing into the discard pile.


Top cards of tableaus and the discard pile are available for play onto tableaus and foundations. Tableaus build down circularly (so that King may be played on Ace) without regard to suit. Any available card may be played to an empty tableau.

Exception: The center tableau may hold at most one card. (But you can move that card elsewhere, and place a new card there later to fill the empty spot.)

The foundations build up, following suit. The rank of the first card played onto any empty foundation pile must match the rank of the card placed on the first foundation in the initial layout. (For example, if the first card placed on a foundation pile is an eight, then eights must also be played onto the other empty foundations.) Building is circular, with Ace following King.


Deal one card from the deck onto the discard pile at any time. When the deck is empty, you may redeal by turning over the discard pile to refill the deck. You may only redeal once.


The goal is to move all the cards onto the foundations.


Sometimes you can move multiple cards from one tableau to another, by moving individual cards to other tableaus (especially empty ones) before collecting them all again onto the destination. Learn this trick; it’s important for organizing your tableaus.

When possible, empty a tableau by building its cards onto other tableaus or onto the foundations. Empty tableaus are useful because you can move any card there.

The center space will hold only one card at a time. It’s a good storage space for a card you think you may need soon, but that won’t build onto any other tableau right now.

When possible, organize the tableaus in suit. Then you can occasionally peel off an entire tableau to a foundation, leaving the tableau empty.

Fill empty tableaus only with cards you will need fairly soon. Leave others in the discard pile until they, too, become cards you will need soon.

Play most cards to the foundations as soon as possible. However, sometimes it is worthwhile to leave a card in the tableau, in order to empty another tableau.

When dealing is done and the tableaus have been emptied as much as possible, peel cards off the discard onto the tableaus and foundations. Keep trying to maintain a couple of empty piles so that out-of-order cards in the discard pile have somewhere to go.

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